Guidance on Shipping Pyrotechnics by Road
Some Background Information.
Dangerous Goods come in many forms, obvious ones like radioactive materials, ammunition, corrosive acids, flammable gasses and explosives, but also not so obvious ones like batteries, CO2 bulbs, aerosols, and onion essence. Pyrotechnics form part of the explosives group, so if a product is a pyrotechnic, it is considered an explosive regardless of the type of pyrotechnic it is or the effect it produces e.g. smoke, fireball, flame, sparks or crater forming bangs.
When it comes to transporting dangerous goods there is a heap of regulations designed to protect the dangerous goods during transport, to prevent spillage/accidents and to protect and warn those transporting the dangerous goods and the general public.
You may have noticed coloured diamonds on vehicles and packages which warn of the nature of the Dangerous goods contents within the vehicle / package.
Classification of Explosives
As you may guess, explosives come in many different types from high explosives, missiles, ammunition, fireworks, pyrotechnics, car airbags, hail rockets etc. all of which have different properties and will have different effects when they go off, accidentally or on purpose.
Each explosive that is sold, has to be granted a classification by the HSE explosives section. Classification is a process by which the packaged explosive goes through tests to determine how safe it is to transport and as a result of the tests will be given a UN number (International identification number) and a Hazard Class, 1.1 being the highest or most dangerous followed by 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4 which is the lowest. Classification is totally packaging dependant, if the packaging is changed then the hazard class will change i.e. packing fireworks in a cardboard box will give a different effect if that box catches fire than if the fireworks were packed into a metal or wooden case.
Therefore, explosives must always be packaged in the same way as they were when tested and according to the information on the classification certificate.
Because the classification of an explosive is packaging dependant, the packaging is required to be tested and specified. Each type of packaging that is allowed to carry dangerous good is stamped with a UN mark. For explosives, the packaging must have the same UN mark as that specified on the classification certificate, which then ensures the packaging is the same as the packaging used in the classification tests.
UN mark example:
In order to let anyone handling a package of dangerous goods know the hazards, the package must be marked and labelled with the following information:
UN Number – Internationally recognised number describing the type of Dangerous Goods
Proper Shipping Name (P.S.N) – Standardised name for the type of Dangerous Goods
Net Content – Actual weight of the dangerous goods without packaging.
Hazard Diamond – The applicable hazard diamond which identifies the dangerous goods.
Consignee – Name and address of the person receiving the Dangerous Goods.
Consignor – Name and address of the person sending the Dangerous Goods.
Shipping Enola Gaye Pyrotechnics
Enola Gaye pyrotechnics are classified with the Proper Shipping Name (P.S.N) “Articles Pyrotechnic, for technical purposes” and depending on the product are given a Hazard Class of either 1.4G (UN0431) or 1.4S (UN0432). Hazard Class 1.4G is a higher class (more dangerous class) than 1.4S.
|Products Classified UN0432 1.4S||Products Classified UN0431 1.4G|
|Friction Smokes||EG18 Assault Smokes|
|Wire Pull Smokes||MKII Field Paint Grenades|
|Burst Wire Pull Smokes||MKII Field BB Grenades|
The following diagrams show how a package should be marked and labelled.
1.4S and 1.4G products should not be mixed together in the same box.
Who Can Deliver the Pyrotechnics?
There are three options for getting the products to the customer, have the customer collect the products, deliver the products to the customer yourself or use a courier company to deliver the products. It is illegal to send these types of products through the postal system.
There are many courier companies, but only a few that are registered and willing to carry pyrotechnics e.g. Tuffnells, Nightfreight, TNT and FedEx are known to carry pyrotechnics; however you may need to register with them first.
Boxes & Labels
You can buy the correct packaging materials from Enola Gaye, including boxes with UN Mark, Hazard Diamonds, and various stickers for the UN number and P.S.N together with the GW, NW, NEC and Cube labels for you to fill out. The couriers’ label that you are required to attach to the package should contain the information required to fulfil the consignee and consignor part of labelling.
Shipping Pyrotechnics Outside of the UK
The above information covers the necessary regulations for shipping Enola Gaye pyrotechnics by road within the UK. This guidance does not cover the additional regulations required for shipping pyrotechnics by sea or by air outside of the UK. Please contact the Enola Gaye office if you need to ship pyrotechnics outside of the UK.
These guidance notes describe the necessary steps needed under the Accord Europẻen Relatif au Transport International des Merchandises Dangereuses par Route (ADR regulations) and meant as guidance documents for the shipping of Enola Gaye pyrotechnics by road. The shipping of all Dangerous Goods is the responsibility of the person shipping the goods and as such the shipper should ensure they are sending the Dangerous Goods legally and following all relevant regulations.